IDC Names Securiti a Worldwide Leader in Data PrivacyView
AI is no longer the future; it has well and truly become the present. What may have seemed like science fiction a few years ago has become mainstream. This has seismically impacted countries' attitudes toward AI development worldwide. Proactive measures are being undertaken to ensure no gulf in technology occurs.
The Regulations for the Promotion of the Development of the Artificial Intelligence Industry in Shanghai Municipality, more commonly known as Shanghai AI Regulations, intend to lay the groundwork for Shanghai to be China's AI-related innovation hub.
Passed at the 44th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th Shanghai Municipal People's Congress on September 22, 2022, these regulations introduce a set of instructions on how the local bodies in Shanghai, particularly at the municipal level, can leverage supercomputing infrastructure, data centers, financing, human resources, and AI technological leaps for the benefit of the city's AI industry and its overall governance.
The regulations came into effect on October 1, 2022. Here's all you need to know about these regulations.
The regulations apply to all activities directly and indirectly related to the development of AI Science & Technology (S&T), industrial development, application empowerment, and industrial governance within the administrative region of Shanghai.
The main objective of the regulations is to strengthen Shanghai's leadership at all levels, including the municipality, district, and township, to organize the formulation of AI industry development plans and incorporate them into national economic and social development plans.
In addition, the regulations also offer in-depth guidance on conflict resolution of major issues in AI S&T innovation, industry cultivation, application scenario construction, and industrial ecosystem construction.
Here’s what each of the Shanghai AI Regulation’s key provisions states about the role and responsibility of the municipal government as well as other relevant departments:
The regulations provide for the responsibilities of the municipal government, district governments, and township governments for the purposes of strengthening the AI industry. For example, the regulations task the municipal governments to undertake appropriate measures to encourage all citizens and organizations to carry out innovative activities within the field of AI as long as laws, regulations, and relevant national and municipal regulations do not prohibit such activities.
The municipal governments are also required to proactively seek international cooperation via regular participation at the China International Import Expo, World Artificial Intelligence Conference, and other exhibitions to provide an appropriate cooperation platform for all relevant stakeholders in the development and governance of the AI industry.
Similarly, the municipal government is also tasked with undertaking appropriate measures to promote the popularization of AI S&T by publicizing new developments, achievements, and breakthroughs within the AI industry via the use of radio, television, newspapers, and the Internet.
The regulations require the Municipal Economic & Informatization Department, the Municipal Development & Reform Department, and other relevant departments to collaborate and strengthen the planning of "computing power" infrastructure, promote the green and low-carbon development of such infrastructure, and support relevant entities that carry out the construction of the infrastructure. The Municipal Economic & Informatization Department is directly responsible for collaborating with other departments within the municipality and S&T departments to develop measures and mechanisms guaranteeing the stable supply of computing power resources.
To achieve the above goals, the municipal government is responsible for taking, among others, the following steps:
With respect to bringing S&T innovation in the region, the municipal government is tasked with the following:
The regulations require the municipal government to ensure that it can provide a suitable environment for the AI industry by undertaking measures to improve the construction of the AI ecosystem with both software and hardware integration, strengthening the concentration of AI organizations, and developing a sound AI production chain. In this regard, the municipal governments may leverage any and all industrial advantages to promote the high-quality development of basic hardware, critical software, and smart products via a strong policy support and innovation incentivization system in place.
In relation to the development of AI in specific sectors, the regulations require the municipal government to take appropriate measures. For example, the municipal government should encourage the development of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) industry, unmanned surface vehicle (USV) industry, civil unmanned aviation test bases, UAV take-off and landing points, and UAV operation and management service platforms. Similarly, the municipal government should extend its support in the R&D of critical AI medical devices by funding breakthroughs in intelligence-assisted diagnostic algorithms, surgical positioning, and navigation, guidance services for registration and approval of AI medical devices, and supporting entry of relevant developed products to the special approval process for national innovative medical devices.
The municipal government should also undertake measures to promote the large-scale application of the developed AI theoretical and research breakthroughs into everyday life, urban governance, digital transformations, financial leasing, and several other critical products related to R&D, manufacturing, management, and service. To achieve this goal, the municipal government should collaborate proactively with various other relevant departments to regularly update the AI demonstration application list while also producing appropriate guidance material.
The municipal government must also promote deep integration and innovation within the integrated application of critical technical equipment related to AI, IT, smart manufacturing, and industrial internet systems. Following are some of the areas where the municipal government can play its role in relation to the economic applications:
The regulations require the municipal government to take appropriate steps to integrate AI into its urban governance capabilities and increase the use of such AI technology within informationized government systems by constructing "unified online government services." In this regard, the municipal government is required to:
The municipal government is also tasked with adopting a holistic approach toward national security and undertaking steps to integrate AI applications within the production and supply chains. For this purpose, it is required to establish an AI ethics expert committee to work directly under its supervision and perform the following tasks:
The municipal government should also encourage the application of AI technology to improve the matching and predictability of all information searches and expand content production and interpersonal interactions on social media. The regulations require the municipal government to promote the normalization of the integration of AI in teaching, management, resource construction, and other end-to-end applications to facilitate the establishment of a new kind of modern education and innovative talent training system.
The municipal government is tasked with establishing a Municipal Artificial Intelligence Strategy Advisory Expert Committee, with appropriate personnel and experts from various institutes, to provide appropriate advice in all major decision-making matters related to the development of the AI industry within the municipality.
Additionally, as per the regulations, different municipality departments have been entrusted with different responsibilities with respect to the development of the AI industry, which are detailed below:
The Municipal Economic and Information Departments are the primary departments responsible for overseeing the various tasks related to planning, implementing, promoting, and coordination within the AI industry.
The Municipal Development and Reform Departments coordinate infrastructure construction related to various projects within the AI industry.
The Municipal S&T Departments play a supportive role in advancing innovation and theories, developing key technologies, promoting AI governance, and assisting in constructing major S&T innovation bases.
The Municipal Cybersecurity and Informatization Departments coordinate all cybersecurity and informatization-related tasks related to the development of the AI industry and laying down the groundwork for appropriate network information content governance and supervision management work.
The Municipal Market Supervision Departments oversee all tasks related to the AI industry measurement, inspection, certification, accreditation, and standards that are responsible for product quality supervision.
The Municipal State-owned Assets Supervision & Administration, Human Resources, Social Security, Education, Health, Finance, Statistics, and National Security Departments will be responsible for formulating relevant policies and measures within their jurisdiction related to various facets of the AI industry relevant to them.
Each relevant department will be able to formulate its own distinct list of non-administrative penalties for minor violations within the AI industry. Such non-administrative penalties will encourage all legal persons, organizations, and entities to strictly comply with all relevant regulations via a combination of guides, educative material, and criticism through scheduled conversations.
The Shanghai AI regulations present the municipal government and all other relevant departments with a comprehensive roadmap of how they must contribute to ensuring Shanghai becomes a hub of AI innovation.
While the regulations press upon the relevant departments to do everything within their power and resources to enable this planned growth, it is verbose and strict on how every initiative must be within the confines of the appropriate local and national regulations.
Hence, compliance with China's three distinct data privacy laws is paramount for an organization hoping to contribute meaningfully to Shanghai's ambitions to become a leader in AI innovation.
Securiti is a market leader in providing enterprise data privacy, security, governance, and compliance solutions. Its plethora of modules and products are designed to ensure compliance with all major data regulations worldwide, including China.
Request a demo today and learn more about how Securiti can enable effective and efficient data compliance, allowing your organization to shift its focus and efforts toward making headways in AI innovation.
At Securiti, our mission is to enable enterprises to safely harness the incredible power of data and the cloud by controlling the complex security, privacy and compliance risks.
300 Santana Row Suite 450. San Jose,